We present desiderata and suggestions as well as methods from computational linguistics to systematically apply variety corpora for the enrichment, i. Examples are those variant dictionaries developed by Ammon et al. On the one hand, we conducted a systematic frequency analysis in newspaper variety corpora for approved lists of South Tyrolean special vocabulary in order to possibly refine corresponding dictionary entries with corpus evidence. On the other hand, we filtered the list of words of our South Tyrolean corpus which could not be lemmatised by a tool developed for the variety in Germany. After removing special vocabulary collected for the South Tyrolean variety in other projects-e. In addition, we semi-automatically extracted lexical cooccurrences of our two newspaper corpora and compared their frequencies-with the assumption that those cooccurrences are worth being more closely investigated that have high frequency in the South Tyrolean corpus and very low frequency in the corpus from Germany. With these three methods we were not only able to refine dictionary entries for South Tyrolean German, but also to add new ones. The findings on variants can be re-used for further corpus annotation resulting in again better resources for computational variant lexicography of the kind described, which is also to be extended to more complex linguistic levels. Each corpus contains , words with a multilayer annotation in different linguistic fields-from morphology to pragmatics. AnCora-Verb lexicons focuses on syntactic functions, arguments and thematic roles of each verbal predicate taking into account the verbal semantic class and those alternations in diathesis where the predicate can participate.
An innovating concept: scientific speed dating
Oil on panel, 37 x National Gallery of Art, Washington D. Aerial perspective is a pictorial convention that enables the painter to create a forceful illusion of distance in a landscape by using paler colors sometimes tinged with blue , less pronounced tonal variation and vaguer forms to define those objects that are farthest from the viewer, especially near the horizon.
Joined April Photos and videos Photos and videos Tweets. Tweets Tweets, current page. Tweets & replies Le jury de l’Académie des sciences est en place pour entendre les soutenances des lycéens venus s’entraîner au grand oral du #baccalauréat.
Einstein Explains his Famous Formula. Voice of Albert Einstein, The mass number A is decreased by 4 units; the atomic number Z is decreased by 2 units. Besides a neutrino, whose energy can be arbitrarily low, e decay produces only a neutral atom of the previous element more precisely, the isotope of that element which has the same mass number as the isotope whose decay is being considered. Thus, an atom can undergo e decay only if it is heavier than the corresponding isotope of the previous element.
Besides the antineutrino, whose energy can be arbitrarily small, b- decay produces only a positive ion and an electron whose combined mass is not less than that of a neutral atom. Thus, b- decay can occur as soon as the decaying atom is heavier than the corresponding isotope of the next element. There are some very long lived radioisotopes like Tellurium or Tellurium for which a single b- decay is impossible but for which near-simultaneous double b- decays 2b- are allowed because the atom is heavier than the corresponding isotope two elements up.
Thus, the 2b- decay of Te resp. Te into Xe resp. Te is rare but possible, whereas the b- decay of Tellurium into Iodine is forbidden. Successive decay products of a heavy nucleus stay in one of four series.
History of Amiens and Timeline of Amiens The first known settlement at this location was Samarobriva “Somme bridge” , the central settlement of the Ambiani , one of the principal tribes of Gaul. The town was given the name Ambianum by the Romans, meaning settlement of the Ambiani people. Amiens was part of Francia from the 5th century. Normans sacked the city in and again in
Academy of Sciences, French Académie des Sciences, institution established in Paris in under the patronage of Louis XIV to advise the French government on scientific matters. This advisory role has been largely taken over by other bodies, but the academy is still an important representative of French science on the international stage.
The difficulty of these games is often disparaged, but even after years of concentrated study, an experienced player may still lose consistently at a game as deceptively simple-seeming as slot-machine. A good strategy in any game of chance is to hope for more than one thing, to improve your chances of getting what you hope for. Ideally, you should hope to lose. Also, keep your wishes up-to-date. Don’t be caught wishing for something you no longer really want. Your hopes should not be modest: Since most wishes go unfulfilled, what you lose in pleasant surprise is more than compensated in pleasant dreams.
It’s also prudent to have a fall-back wish. Don’t wish for one thing to the exclusion of every other possibility. There is much greater variety in the improbable and impossible than there is in the probable and certain.
Le concours Speed Sciences
Mauritshuis , The Hague Art historians have equated certain globular highlights of light-toned paint found in many of Vermeer’s paintings with circles of confusion that the artist presumably have observed through a camera obscura. It must be assumed that once Vermeer had understood how the disks of confusion are produced by the camera obscura and how to imitate them with paint, he employed them with considerable artistic license in order to enhance the effect of light as it plays upon natural surface.
Although Dutch painters experimented with a number of techniques to represent highlights , which are key to creating the illusion of light conditions usually intense , on shiny surface textures , only Vermeer adopted circular highlight in a methodical manner. Perhaps the only other instance in Dutch painting of such highlights are those on a pair of slippers in the foreground of Gabriel Metsu ‘s — Woman Reading a Letter, a picture that was likely inspired by Vermeer himself.
The American Museum of Natural History and the blogging and social networking platform Tumblr held an event where they adapted the speed-dating concept to science.
Over 27, fulltext books that are out of copyright have been scanned from the University of Michigan collection – for preservation purposes. A history of physical education in colleges for women. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fielding Yost’s legacy to the University of Michigan. Dist by Uhlrich’s Books, From rattlesnake hunt to hockey: Peel Calthrop, Samuel Robert. A lecture on physical development, and its relations to mental and spiritual development, delivered before the American Institute of Instruction, at their twenty-ninth annual meeting, Boston, Ticknor and Fields, The city where crime is play, NY: The charisma of sport and race.
University of California, Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities, Occasional Papers, no. Oxford University Press, The exhibition speaker containing farce dialogue and tableaux with exercises for declamation in prose and verse.
Speed Sciences : 100 jeunes invités à échanger avec les plus grands scientifiques français
This is followed, inevitably, by statistics from Baghdad’s version of the county morgue. But those figures just strike me as utterly meaningless as a measure of “violent death” in Baghdad or Iraq pre-war. There was plenty of violent death to go around in Saddam’s Iraq that was kept off the books, as we know now hat tip, Instapundit. Would it be so difficult for reporters, who are trying to make a legitimate point about street crime, to simply throw in the contextualizing phrase “street crime” when they are discussing this issue, rather then the totalizing phrase “violent death” which just erases all the pain and suffering that was caused by the state as if it never happened?
This number just reemphases for me the importance of this complaint, which I made last Wednesday. I find that rhetorical move profoundly offensive.
J´adore Académie des sciences a Paris a la Rive gauche de la Seine. Elle est, a coté des Université s, le centre de la connaissance de monde. J´ai travaillé a l´Université de Paris, au CHU Claude Bernard Bichat, et si on parle de l´Académie, je me souviens de mon ” oncle “, l´académicien Roger Caillois/5(30).
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background It has been argued that science and society are in the midst of a far-reaching renegotiation of the social contract between science and society, with society becoming a far more active partner in the creation of knowledge. On the one hand, new forms of knowledge production are emerging, and on the other, both science and society are experiencing a rapid acceleration in new forms of knowledge utilization. Concomitantly since the Second World War, the science underpinning the knowledge utilization field has had exponential growth.
Few in-depth examinations of this field exist, and no comprehensive analyses have used bibliometric methods. Methods Using bibliometric analysis, specifically first author co-citation analysis, our group undertook a domain analysis of the knowledge utilization field, tracing its historical development between and Our purposes were to map the historical development of knowledge utilization as a field, and to identify the changing intellectual structure of its scientific domains. Search terms were combinations of knowledge, research, evidence, guidelines, ideas, science, innovation, technology, information theory and use, utilization, and uptake.
Results We provide an overview of the intellectual structure and how it changed over six decades. The field does not become large enough to represent with a co-citation map until the mid s. Our findings demonstrate vigorous growth from the mid s through , as well as the emergence of specialized domains reflecting distinct collectives of intellectual activity and thought. Until the mid s, the major domains were focused on innovation diffusion, technology transfer, and knowledge utilization.
Statement on Climate Change and Education
Overview The long-running debate about whether seeking justice for grave international crimes interferes with prospects for peace has intensified as the possibility of national leaders being brought to trial for human rights violations becomes more likely. That the ICC operates while armed conflicts are ongoing fuels the justice and peace debate. With the functioning of international criminal courts, national tribunals, and, increasingly, trials abroad, the context of amnesty discussions is already very different from several years ago.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
Rhabopelix longispinis, Cope Cope, E. Notes on the geology of the survey for the extension of the Union Pacific Railway, E. Review Printing House, Philadelphia, 76 p. The fossil reptiles of New Jersey. The American Naturalist, 1: Remarks on a new enaliosaurian, Elasmosaurus platyurus. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia,
See Article History Alternative Titles: This advisory role has been largely taken over by other bodies, but the academy is still an important representative of French science on the international stage. Although its role is now predominantly honorific, the academy continues to hold regular Monday meetings at the Institut de France in Paris. In the Academy received a formal constitution, in which six subject areas were recognized: There was a hierarchy of membership, in which the senior members known as pensioners, who received a small remuneration were followed by associates and assistants.
An innovating concept: scientific speed dating For two hours, the youngsters have met with about scientists, sharing one-to-one informal discussions. Every 7 minutes, a gong would ring and the youngsters would start a new conversation with another researcher.
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved. You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular.
Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind. Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.
The electronics, computers and communications industries, power engineering and much of the chemical industry of today were founded on discoveries made possible by the battery.
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This myth, however, allowed for divergent political interpretations, for, in view of the prevailing anti-Italian sentiments of these troubled times, the rebellious Paris Parlement no doubt associated Andromeda with the regent Queen-Mother, and the monster with her Italian prime minister, Cardinal Giulio Mazarini. The gods, who sing in the lofty realms of the Prologue, speak in irregular verse when they address mortals on earth. Music also accompanies the miraculous appearance of the deus ex machina, while it serves the practical function of masking the noise of the machines.
Mortal beings are shown making music in realistic situations, where music enters everyday life serenades, sung prayers, victory chants, and wedding songs. Monsters, on the other hand, not only seem to be singularly unmusical, but appear to be repelled by musics supernatural power. Following Corneilles directive, Charpentiers music is introduced only to entertain the ears of the spectators while their eyes are engaged in watching the descent or ascent of a machine, or are focused on something, like the fight between Perseus and the monster, which would prevent their paying attention to what the actors might be saying.
Youngsters at the Académie des Sciences The Académie des Sciences held on 11 October at the Institut de France the second edition of Speed Sciences, an event aimed at youngsters aged 16 to youngsters from all over France have been se.
Find out how electrocuting chickens , getting laboratory assistants to put their hands in buckets of saline , taking the ECG of a horses and then observing their open heart surgey , induction of indiscriminate angina attacks , and hypothermic dogs have helped to improve our understanding of the ECG as a clinical tool. He derived the word from the Greek for amber electra.
It was known from ancient times that amber when rubbed could lift light materials. Gilbert added other examples such as sulphur and was describing what would later be known as ‘static electricity’ to distinguish it from the more noble magnetic force which he saw as part of a philosophy to destroy forever the prevailing Aristotlean view of matter.
De Magnete, magneticisique corporibus, et de magno magnete tellure. Browne calls the attractive force “Electricity, that is, a power to attract strawes or light bodies, and convert the needle freely placed”. He is also the first to use the word ‘computer’ – referring to people who compute calendars. London Otto Von Guericke builds the first static electricity generator. He had worked on his ideas in the s but had abandoned publication because of the persecution of other radical thinkers such as Galileo.
William Harvey had developed similar ideas but they were never published. De Homine Treatise of Man ;
The Nuttall Encyclopædia/S
History[ edit ] A heroic depiction of the activities of the Academy from The Academy of Sciences traces its origin to Colbert’s plan to create a general academy. He chose a small group of scholars who met on 22 December in the King’s library, and thereafter held twice-weekly working meetings there. The first 30 years of the Academy’s existence were relatively informal, since no statutes had as yet been laid down for the institution. In contrast to its British counterpart , the Academy was founded as an organ of government.
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These Congresses, as we know, played major roles in the history of Physics. At this Congress were present amongst others: This seminal paper, in which one can found the computation of the Hubble constant two years before the publication of Hubble law! Einstein said very crudely: In fact Einstein did not admit at this time an expanding universe. Probably influenced by his implicit Spinozist philosophy, he did not accept the fact that the universe had a real history.
According to Einstein, the universe as a whole has to remain forever immutable. Piccard was also a known physicist with a world-class reputation. He was interested in the study of Cosmic Rays, in the test of the Relativity Theory, and in he will measure the activity of the Cosmic Rays going himself in the stratosphere in a pressurized capsule took by a very large balloon. After the seminar, Einstein would have to go to a seminar of Theoretical Physics.